Dogs vs Cats: The Diversity Paradox

18 Feb 2021
313 465 Aufrufe

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Different dogs look incredibly different - but that doesn't mean they are necessarily more diverse.
To learn more about this topic, start your googling with these keywords:
phenotypic diversity - the range of different observable traits in a certain organism - for example, size, color, strength, and friendliness.
genetic diversity - the variation in the genetic information within and among individuals of a population or species
artificial selection (or selective breeding) - a process used by humans to develop new organisms with desirable characteristics
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Kate Yoshida | Script Writer, Narrator and Director
Josh Taira | Illustration, Video Editing and Animation
Nathaniel Schroeder | Music
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Hedrick P. & Andersson L. (2011) Are dogs genetically special? Heredity 106: 712-713.
Lampi S. et al. (2020) Variation in breeding practices and geographic isolation drive subpopulation differentiation, contributing to the loss of genetic diversity within dog breed lineages. Canine Medicine and Genetics 7(1): 1-10.
Lyons L. (2009) Recent advances in cat genetics. CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources, Volume 4.
Menotti-Raymond M. et al. (2008) Patterns of molecular genetic variation among cat breeds. Genomics 91(1): 1-11.
Ostrander E. & Wayne R. (2005) The canine genome. Genome Research 15(12):1706-16.
Parker H. et al. (2004) Genetic structure of the purebred domestic dog. Science 304: 1160-4.
Plassais J. et al. (2019) Whole genome sequencing of canids reveals genomic regions under selection and variants influencing morphology. Nature Communications 10.

  • Thanks for making us the luckiest dogs on DEhave! Want to become our Patreon or member on DEhave? Just visit or click "JOIN". Thanks!

    MinuteEarthMinuteEarthVor 15 Tage
    • 1 why do we need to know the name of the narrator while other videos they just go along with it saving minutes? will knowing kate help us in the video? no 2 it sounds like she tries super hard to be cute and eccentric, just lay it all out next time we've been watching your videos and some of them just strikes us as really try hard pedantic

      Jason BatemanJason BatemanVor 5 Tage
    • please lose the repetitive music it distracts from the narrative and the narrative is a bit sing-songy too which also distracts i can’t finish watching this as it is forced and sounds phony

      briansmuttibriansmuttiVor 9 Tage
    • Was feeling a li'l cat-atonic until watching the video... Thanks for the upload! Instant sub for you!! 😎👍🏼

      Yusuf GinnahYusuf GinnahVor 11 Tage
    • They are already breading serval cats into house cat lines, which makes them a fair amount bigger.

      nacorannacoranVor 12 Tage
    • Interesting video but the narrators voice is rather annoying

      Liam MorgansLiam MorgansVor 13 Tage
  • Cats are always better. Dogs are desperate for human love. Cat's allow you to pet, groom and feed them.

    SakonemaSakonemaVor 47 Minuten
  • giant cats already exist though, Maine coons are a meter tall on average. that's the size of a 4-year-old.

    Une MangousteUne MangousteVor 49 Minuten
  • No pls no big cattos, i love them the way they are rn

    CatsRGamingCatsRGamingVor 13 Stunden
  • which also means no bigger cats are not suitable for pets lol so this is fine, and I am talking Maine Coons are already to big...

    Niji no shitaNiji no shitaVor 18 Stunden
  • please don't try to breed specific trades into cats just don't do to them what you did to dogs people, they are perfect as is

    Niji no shitaNiji no shitaVor 18 Stunden
  • Lol. I see what you did there

    Adventures with KAdventures with KVor Tag
  • Could it be theoretically possible for a house cat to be breed to the size of a lion?

    Waluigi Is the bestWaluigi Is the bestVor Tag
  • "Breeding giant cats might be a giant cat-astrophe" (Ligers and Tigons are laughing 😹)

    Martin PierceMartin PierceVor 2 Tage
  • yes i want big cat

    RoseRoseVor 2 Tage
  • This video explained breeds vs species to me more than my curious Google searches

    Armored WingsArmored WingsVor 2 Tage
  • *I mean Dogs vs Cats in my opinion dogs WILL ALWAYS win and i'm allergic to cats so thats good i'll never have a cat anyway and i dont really like cats thats also good😅*

    HughHughVor 3 Tage
  • Jaguars can crack your skull with their jaws, and yet they are cats. Big cats.

    Tom FTom FVor 3 Tage
  • i do like your stuff

    Reid Fleming, World's Toughest MilkmanReid Fleming, World's Toughest MilkmanVor 3 Tage
  • How about we stop trying to play god by forcefully breeding our pets and "companions" just to google over their looks?

    kazuYoshikazuYoshiVor 3 Tage
  • Dog owners: "What's the breed? Huskey?" "Nooooo! It's an Alaskan Malamute-pitbull-corgi-pug mix!! How can you get it wrong!! I hate you!" Cat owners: "What breed is that?" "Orange"

    Slightly IntriguingSlightly IntriguingVor 4 Tage
  • There are many types of big, medium and small cats, lions, tigers, pumas, caracals, servals, ocelots, sand cats, bobcats

    AnitaAnitaVor 4 Tage
    • This video is talking domesticated house cats, not wild cats

      Armored WingsArmored WingsVor 2 Tage
  • 2:11 Cat egories. 3:27 Cat astrophy

    مجهول الهويهمجهول الهويهVor 4 Tage
  • Cat's:you can't improve perfection

    debian lasmanadebian lasmanaVor 4 Tage
  • Según evolución creo, especialización, convergencia genética y lo omnivoros, así como que siguen un patrón algoritmo genético de evolución, si ya detectaron eso quiere decir que ya vieron como funciona parte de la diversidad, posibilidades, ramificaciones de fractal, potencial evolutivo, creo y hasta como se comienza a leer de un lenguaje genético a otro, los encrptados se ven creo conforme hay convergencia genética y evolutiva, llegar al mismo lugar o solución por otra vía, como color de piel, es el mismo resultado pero en distinta especie, en uno llegó a color claro pero es otra parte del adn y viceversa del otro, son los mismos elementos químicos o bioquímicos de la tabla periódica pero de diferentes orígenes de el adn, llegar al mismo lugar por diferentes caminos, relacionados por ancestros de evolución, sugerencia los científicos, genetistas, biológos saben más.

    Al ToAl ToVor 4 Tage
    • Es como ver una maquina cuántica donde cada individuo es una posibilidad de la misma especie, solo con maquinas cuánticas se podrá analizar esto a futuro a menos que sepas las posibilidades desde un único, como saber que caminos tendrá si sabes de la dimensión 4d, cada persona es única y a su vez no lo es, es una forma de que la especie humana y masa sobreviva, sin mencionar redes neuronales, adn oscuro y como esta máquina se adapta al planeta, su geografía, alturas, latitudes, clima y gravedad, por eso en marte terraformado 0.55g y con luna se vería la siguiente etapa del adn, la evolución y hasta nuevo adn que facinara a la comunidad científica, ver otra vez esta máquina diversificarse cubriendo posibilidades como máquina cuántica pero de individuos vivos, sugerencia, buenos videos minuteearth gracias.

      Al ToAl ToVor 4 Tage
    • La diversidad es cubrir posibilidades como una máquina cuántica, pero en la realidad, cada posición, posibilidad y de una ramificación creo, como un fractal, como la dimensión 5 o 6 creo pero en biológico, sin embargo luego en selección, la mejor solución es la que queda generalmente, por eso creo que ciertos animales se recruzan, donde se regresa a la especie, una máquina biológica de una especie que se rejunta para volver a diversificarse para no morir ni extinguirse, junto otras estrategias genéticas o que sólo los científicos conocen de cómo funcionan las máquinas biológicas, sugerencia.

      Al ToAl ToVor 4 Tage
  • Came for the question, stayed for the animal puns :D

    Benjamin Joseph BrunerBenjamin Joseph BrunerVor 4 Tage
  • I want a giant cat 😿

    horse14thorse14tVor 4 Tage
  • Ok but when we gonna breed Great Dane and Tea Cup Chihuahua versions of cats? Let's get to it!

    Neanderthal Tom Cave Beast Sociopathic Parasite -Neanderthal Tom Cave Beast Sociopathic Parasite -Vor 4 Tage
  • We need more giant cats 🐈

    Aya AvalonAya AvalonVor 4 Tage
  • fold is different to times... fold is more representative of 2^(fold)... imagine folding a piece of paper in half 5 times (5 Fold) you would end up with 32 layers of paper. Great content love the channel I've learned so much from you, I thought you could learn a thing from me :) x

    Barnaby PineBarnaby PineVor 5 Tage
  • gaint donestic cat breed existed is called Savannah cat ... is Great Dane version of cat

    Leong Li YangLeong Li YangVor 5 Tage
    • I wouldn't call a Savannah a fully domesticated cat, since they have Serval in them. Servals are wild cats

      Armored WingsArmored WingsVor 2 Tage
  • Masks PROTECT YOU and people around you!

    Roger SledzRoger SledzVor 5 Tage
  • Thank you so much for uploading this video. It is helping me get through the pandemic!

    Roger SledzRoger SledzVor 5 Tage
  • People who buy animals based on what they look like are shallow at best.

    ToriaToriaVor 5 Tage
  • CATegories, heh.

    Kaiser BasileusKaiser BasileusVor 5 Tage
  • I really hope we don’t over breed cats like we have dogs....

    Apothegmatic RealityApothegmatic RealityVor 5 Tage
  • I think the most non diverse is humans. We come in pretty much the same size and same shape except for a few different colors...

    Cornucopia VideographyCornucopia VideographyVor 5 Tage
  • I think breeding a large Maine-coon/lynx/cheeta/serval mix and then refining ou the different traits would be awesome (long legs of the cheeta, serval and lynx, no retractable claws, like cheeta, amicable and emotionally less temperamental, like a coon and a serval, more loyal and family oriented like a cheeta and a serval and a coon, large paws to make up for the lack of claws, like the lynx, then benefit from the health of the wild types), like successful wolfdog breeds, like the German Shepard, savanah cats have proven very successful (part domestic, part serval). And using 4 types of stock like this could render a varieties of coat colors, patterns, types, sizes, etc. If love a rich grey/spotted, medium/fluffy, lanky, social healthy cat that's 35 lbs, wants to snuggle and doesn't ruin my furniture.

    ravissary79ravissary79Vor 5 Tage
  • Stop breeding. Genetic diversity is good!

    Mr AnderssonMr AnderssonVor 5 Tage
  • different cats act just as differently as dogs, if you get to know them :) 5 Tage
  • Videolarınıza Türkçe altyazı da ekleyebilir misiniz? 🌱

    Oyun GüncesiOyun GüncesiVor 5 Tage
  • Maybe we could also consider the health of the animals, too.. Pfft, jks, who cares about animals life experience, let's breed squash faced cats in kitten farms, they will look so cute!!

    Ben WalkerBen WalkerVor 5 Tage
  • Thumbs up for the puns.

    gowzahrgowzahrVor 5 Tage
  • "big domestic cats would just be tigers" y'all are so... do you know what a wolf is.

    Arin KeplerArin KeplerVor 6 Tage
  • „another 100 years and careful breeding“... lets not :)

    カルマ [Karma]カルマ [Karma]Vor 6 Tage
  • So dog genes are just very Versatile

    ErobErobVor 6 Tage
  • Can't wait until diverse cats bomb middle east

    thevirqthevirqVor 6 Tage
  • I hope we don't do to cats what we did to dogs.... some of these breeds are genetic monstrosities whose whole existence is a plethora of disease and pain

    BouncingBobBouncingBobVor 6 Tage
  • I think we already know that very big cats are dangerous

    logitech4873logitech4873Vor 6 Tage
  • oooooo

    fishyfishyVor 6 Tage
  • Very good example of the difference between phenotypes and genotypes

    SCP TimeSCP TimeVor 6 Tage

    90% of Everything90% of EverythingVor 6 Tage
  • Humans have been Inbreeding dogs into heavy healthy problems.

    SownheardSownheardVor 7 Tage
  • 3:16 Hundred years later, catgirls arrive...

    NayshjinNayshjinVor 7 Tage
  • YEAY human sized natural hunter that like to play with their food

    mobïus helldoctormobïus helldoctorVor 7 Tage
  • I want a giant cat.

    erieriVor 7 Tage
  • pog.

    Expiration DateExpiration DateVor 7 Tage
  • Diversity is a human concept!

    DANCERcowDANCERcowVor 7 Tage
  • 3:20 I would hate that so much

    Euclid TheoremEuclid TheoremVor 7 Tage
  • "Categories" I see what you did there.

    Zen-General 2011Zen-General 2011Vor 7 Tage
  • 3:23 No. The answer is 'no, it wouldn't be.' Actually, the answer is 'no, what's wrong with you who WOULDN'T want that?' but that's a mouthful.

    MinalkraMinalkraVor 7 Tage
  • Love dogs! Have my own vid for kids on choosing the dog.

    Animals with TomekAnimals with TomekVor 7 Tage
    • Nice:) Will show my kiddo!

      A WA WVor 7 Tage
  • Yeet

    FrogboyaidanFrogboyaidanVor 7 Tage
  • Why would you try to breed cats like the dogs. Don't you guys know all the side effects the breeding caused? Are we all gonna pretend that doesn't exist and just sacrifice the cat's genetic health just for some unnatural huge cat?

    RokicatRokicatVor 7 Tage
  • This is all selective breeding, not genertic engineering. A lot of science folks like to equate this technique with those like capsid engineering, gold guns or CRISPR. MinuteEarth didn't do this here; it's just a point to make.

    Man In The HillsMan In The HillsVor 7 Tage
    • Selective breeding is a type of genetic engineering. The same process is why corn plants are so much bigger than they were in the wild, why watermelons don't have seeds, etc. Selectively breeding things for different traits = the very first form of genetic engineering

      Armored WingsArmored WingsVor 2 Tage
  • to everyone pointing out that we have lions Panthers and other wild felines, yes and we also have wolves and foxes. This is obviously about domestic pets. you donuts.

    ShakeitbabycakesShakeitbabycakesVor 7 Tage
  • Why so many downvotes?

    Joseph AngJoseph AngVor 7 Tage
  • Je souhaite qu'un jour les gens comprennent que tous c'est croisement de chiens ne donne que des chiens au physique ridicule, avec des difficultés respiratoires ou avec des maladies génétiques, bref des petites abominations qu'on adore. De plus en plus d'éleveurs de chat cherchent à faire la même chose, leur but n'est pas d'améliorer une race ou encore de régler un problème, ils veulent seulement vous vendre un " bien " plus cher.

    Production PfiProduction PfiVor 7 Tage
  • Selectively breeding dogs has led to a lot of problems in recent times. We haven’t messed with cats & that’s probably a good thing. Don’t get me wrong, different types of dogs for different jobs makes sense, but there’s no justifying what’s been done to brachycephalic dogs

    Gi GiGi GiVor 7 Tage
  • I want cat with stilts and short body and cat with stubby legs with long bodies please

    Edward EstrellaEdward EstrellaVor 7 Tage
  • Aahhh I’ve been wondering about this ever since I was a kid 😸

    EmiliapocalypseEmiliapocalypseVor 7 Tage
  • Considering how cats are generally assholes, it'd be really foolish to breed them into huge assholes

    hydrolife techhydrolife techVor 7 Tage
  • 🐱: oh, I watch cats 101! They're pretty easy to memorize! You should watch it too! There's the Maine coon, SFSH/SFLH, Persian, Exotic, DSH/DMH/DLH, BSH/BLH (British blue), Bengal, Savannah, Siamese, OSH/OLH, Angora, Van, Bombay (DSH black cat), Russian blue (RSH), Somali, and the Abbie (or the abyssinyan if you have time)! 🐶: ehh? Dog breeds?...I regret watching dogs 101...there's the pit bull--_pit bull is not a breed!_ ok ok...there's the staffy, the bully, the frenchie, the chihuahua, the German shepherd, the bearded collie, the border collie...uhh...Boston terrier.....uhhhhhUOAAAAAA THERE'S TO MANY OF THEM (only zoophilists and ailurophilists can relate. 😹)

    just an SDR fan herejust an SDR fan hereVor 7 Tage
  • Humans differ more than 0.1% in their genomes...

    Herr BönkHerr BönkVor 7 Tage

    Arthur BellonArthur BellonVor 8 Tage
  • A cat person definitely made this

    toad sagetoad sageVor 8 Tage
  • Kitteh

  • Short answer, we’ve never really bred cats past their base forms. So we really only see regional genetic differences dictated by availability of mates vs a specific breed genetic difference based on desired outcomes of mating by us an outside influence. AND this is probabaly due to the fact cats aren’t really domesticated as much as acclimatized to living in shared environments with humans. And why is that you ask? Cats have really had one primary job. Vermin extermination. Which they’re naturally pretty good at..... Dogs have had many more jobs that required very different behaviors and even physical characteristics that had to be planned for or protected during the breeding process to maintain instinctual behaviors or remove them.

    Bertelli JustinBertelli JustinVor 8 Tage
  • We bred dogs into the forms we needed. We didn't need to do that with cats, because they already had the exact body plan we needed.

    Prince ThunderflarePrince ThunderflareVor 8 Tage
  • This amount of paronomasias in one video should incur PUNitive measures

    magruseRmagruseRVor 8 Tage
  • Dogs are different because they have been bred for different jobs. Cats are always unemployed free loaders.

    Warwick LewisWarwick LewisVor 8 Tage
  • We already do have giant "cats." Living with a tiger is ill-advised. A mastiff-sized domestic cat would probably be just as bad.

    Janet N.Janet N.Vor 8 Tage
    • you don't know what "domestic" means

      eduardoeduardoVor 5 Tage
  • cat video, i watch, i click like

    severed6ssevered6sVor 8 Tage
  • This female is annoying

    theiconiumfoundationtheiconiumfoundationVor 8 Tage
  • Instead of breeding bigger cats like with did with dogs, why just not domestic tigers ? No suburb boy with a pitbull will annoy you anymore

    CaptainDangeaxCaptainDangeaxVor 8 Tage
    • Because dogs are inherently more “domesticated” compared to cats. A pitbull is more trainable than a cat

      Gi GiGi GiVor 7 Tage
  • That's because cats are already perfect.

  • I hope we never recklessly breed cats. Munchkins are a scary trend.

    Hannah W.Hannah W.Vor 8 Tage
    • What we’ve done to brachycephalic dogs in recent times is abhorrent. You’re right, let’s leave cats be!

      Gi GiGi GiVor 7 Tage
  • "CAT-er-gories" Oh, hell no. No, you did not!

    Jay BinghamJay BinghamVor 8 Tage
  • 3:19 cat looks like its about to make a tiktok

    Cherub 1979Cherub 1979Vor 8 Tage
  • 3:19 KILL IT

    Cherub 1979Cherub 1979Vor 8 Tage
  • Breeding program not likely. Remember that when you bred to a standard the ones that don't meet that standard go in the trash. Notice how most breeds were developed in Germany , well at that time they also tested new medicines on death row prisoners not lab animals . It was a different time with different ethics.

    Kolila GephartKolila GephartVor 8 Tage
    • @Warwick Lewis Selective breeding can be problematic even if done using “humane” methods. Case in point: brachycephalic breeds like pugs. Looking as dumb as they do sometimes comes at the cost of THEIR EYES LITERALLY POPPING OUT IF THEIR SKULLS, but that’s a price some breeders are willing to pay

      Gi GiGi GiVor 7 Tage
    • Or you could just humanely sterilize the animals you dont select and sell them as pets. Like most breeders do.

      Warwick LewisWarwick LewisVor 8 Tage
  • This is bizarre. I thought of this question for the first time yesterday after seeing a small cat. I shared it with no one and didn’t speak it out loud. The. This video appears in my recommended. Simulation?

    Seth SchaffnerSeth SchaffnerVor 8 Tage
  • I don't know about breeding giant cats, but I would be quite happy with more tiny kitties

    Matthew CromeMatthew CromeVor 8 Tage
  • this was the most annoying thing I ever watched

    TheGhostHAGTheGhostHAGVor 8 Tage
  • Also dogs being social animals leads them to adopt expected behaviour.

    KaiserinmeliKaiserinmeliVor 8 Tage
  • catastrophic. a ha I see what you did there

    J HyourinmaruJ HyourinmaruVor 8 Tage
  • We need giant cats NOWWWWWWWWWWW

    Toki HoshiashiToki HoshiashiVor 8 Tage
  • It’s because cats are useless

    Lucas PattisonLucas PattisonVor 8 Tage
  • Disliked because you depicted the scientist as a black person - that's not representative of the real world, and thus I must conclude that you've engaged in virtue-signaling, i.e. "wokeness"... I hate that stuff.

    MK WarlockMK WarlockVor 8 Tage
    • Disliked your post because it implies all human beings are racist trash- which is not representative of the real world. You wouldn’t say this crap in person to others unless you wanted to be eliminated from the gene pool.

      Gi GiGi GiVor 7 Tage
  • A friend recently asked what breed my cat was.. I was like, “idk just cat”

    Sam EppinkSam EppinkVor 8 Tage
    • My cat is inbred. He’s very cat. He just forgets how to cat sometimes. In case you’re wondering, it was not my doing, he was a stray at first

      Gi GiGi GiVor 7 Tage
    • Purebred, 100% cat!

      VictoriaVictoriaVor 8 Tage
  • The reason cats are all so similar is because cats are perfect already.

    KotaKotaVor 8 Tage
  • i cant wait for diversity. I want those biiig cats size that only hybrid cats can achieve.

    Alina KAlina KVor 8 Tage
  • "Cats are all roughly the same size" Lions: am I a joke to you

    Elliot LanghornElliot LanghornVor 8 Tage
    • This is a video about house cats....

      Armored WingsArmored WingsVor 2 Tage
  • Honey the cat knocked over the fridge again

    Nezlegueze 1Nezlegueze 1Vor 8 Tage
  • No mention of how dangerous it is to the animals to breed them like we’ve done to dogs.

    coffeefrogcoffeefrogVor 8 Tage
    • @Gi Gi ironically while dog breeders have started breeding for a longer snout in some brachycelphalic breeds cat breeders have now produced brachycelphalic cat breeds that suffer the same problems. The popularity of snub nosed flat faced freaks is a huge selling point. In the long run as long as there is demand there will be breeders who are willing to breed undesirable traits. German sherperds are a modern breed. Created in the 20th century by mixing various other breeds to creat a German super race of dog.

      Warwick LewisWarwick LewisVor 6 Tage
    • @Warwick Lewis The issues are not eradicated when people think they are actually good. I.E. compare examples of brachycephalic breeds today to examples of the breed from 100 years ago. Their muzzles have become shorter, not longer. To the point that breeds like the pug can actually have their eyes POP OUT OF THEIR SKULLS because the eye sockets are too misshapen. Bulldogs rely on IVF & cesarean procedures to reproduce more than ever. Other types of dog like the German Shepard have been reliable working dogs throughout history, but now show breeders select dogs to have sloping backs- ruining their athletic abilities, leading to hip & elbow dysplasia, among other problems. Selective breeding can improve a breed, or it can ruin them- which direction things move towards depends on intent as well as method. There’s not enough incentive to breed healthy animals, while breeding freaks is profitable

      Gi GiGi GiVor 7 Tage
    • @Warwick Lewis What's not true? I know that efforts are being made to assist in safe breeding, but the problem of inbred health issues still exists and won't go away so long as humans keep the demand going for superficial traits in dogs. It's selfish. Human inbreeding is a much scarcer problem considering we're more diverse genetically, and it's also more complex because it's consensual. I don't care to get into specifics about humans for that reason. It's not comparable at all. Dogs are only allowed their relatives with whom to carry out their instincts. Breeders don't allow them freedom to choose. You're acting like breeder dogs get to choose. If dogs are left to their own devices, they'd mix and would solve the problem much more quickly.

      coffeefrogcoffeefrogVor 7 Tage
    • @coffeefrog that's just not true. There are specific issues regarding certain breeds but efforts are made to eradicte these problems by only selecting healthy dogs for breeding. There are specific issues related to human beings should we stop people who have a higher chance of certain genetic disorders from breeding ?? It is an unfortunate fact of life that not every baby is perfect. This applies to puppies as well as humans.

      Warwick LewisWarwick LewisVor 7 Tage
    • @Warwick Lewis It's an example, which is not exclusive to one breed, and there are others with different issues. And people fuel the breeding industry regardless due to completely superficial reasons. It's selfish.

      coffeefrogcoffeefrogVor 7 Tage